A taxonomic Summary of Australian Freshwater Fish

Last updated 27 December 2004

This is intended to be a comprehensive list of all species of freshwater fish found in Australia.  If you find something that is incorrect or omitted, please drop me an e-mail at and let me know about it.

FAMILY

     
 

Species

Common Name

Distribution

Conservation Status


AMBASSIDAE (GLASSFISHES)

 

Ambassis agrammus

Sailfin Glassfish

QLD, NT

 
 

Ambassis agassizii

Agassiz's Glassfish

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

 
 

Ambassis mulleri

Mueller's Glassfish

SA, QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Ambassis elongatus

Elongate Glassfish

QLD

 
 

Ambassis macleayi

Macleay's Glassfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Ambassis miops

Flag-Tailed Glassfish

QLD

 
 

Denariusa bandata

Pennyfish

QLD, NT

 
 

Parambassis gulliveri

Giant Glassfish

QLD, NT, WA

 

ANGUILLIDAE (FRESHWATER EELS)

 

Anguilla australis

Shortfinned Eel

SA, VIC, NSW

 
 

Anguilla bicolor

Northern Eel

WA

 
 

Anguilla obscura

South Pacific Eel

QLD

 
 

Anguilla reinhardtii

Longfinned Eel

TAS, VIC, NSW, QLD

 

APLOCHITONIDAE (WHITEBAIT)

 

Lovettia sealii

Tasmanian Whitebait

TAS, VIC

Rare (VIC)

ARIIDAE (FORK-TAILED CATFISHES)

 

Arius berneyi

Berney's Catfish

QLD, NT

 
 

Arius graeffei

Lesser Salmon Catfish

NSW, QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Arius leptaspis

Triangular Shield Catfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Arius midgleyi

Shovel-Nosed Catfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Cinetodus froggatti

Froggatt's Catfish

NT

 

ATHERINIDAE (HARDYHEADS OR SILVERSIDES)

 

Atherinosoma microstoma

Small-Mouthed Hardyhead

SA, VIC, TAS, NSW

 
 

Craterocephalus cuneiceps

Murchison River Hardyhead

WA

 
 

Craterocephalus dalhousiensis

Dalhousie Hardyhead

SA

 
 

Craterocephalus eyresii

Lake Eyre Hardyhead

VIC, NSW, QLD, NT, SA

 
 

Craterocephalus fluviatilis

Murray Hardyhead

SA, VIC, NSW

Vulnerable (AUST), Rare (VIC)

 

Craterocephalus marjoriae

Marjorie's Hardyhead

NSW, QLD

 
 

Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum

Fly-specked Hardyhead

QLD, NT

 
 

Craterocephalus helenae

Drysdale Hardyhead

WA

 
 

Craterocephalus lentiginosus

Prince Regent Hardyhead

WA

 
 

Leptatherina wallacei

Western Hardyhead

WA

 
 

Quirichthys stramineus

Strawman or Blackmast

QLD, NT, WA

 

APOGONIDAE (FRESHWATER CARDINALFISHES)

 

Glossamia aprion

Mouth Almighty

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Glossamia aprion gillii

Southern Mouth Almighty

NSW, QLD

 

BELONIDAE (NEEDLEFISHES)

 

Strongylura krefftii

Freshwater Longtom

QLD, NT, WA

 

BOVICHTHYIDAE (CONGOLLIS)

 

Pseudaphritis urvillii

Tupong

SA, TAS, VIC, NSW

 

CERATODIDAE (AUSTRALIAN LUNGFISHES)

 

Neoceratodus forsteri

Queensland Lungfish

QLD

 

CLUPEIDAE (HERRINGS)

 

Nematalosa erebi

Bony Bream

VIC, NSW, QLD, NT, WA, SA

Rare (VIC)

 

Potamalosa richmondia

Freshwater Herring

VIC, NSW

Endangered (VIC)

ELEOTRIDIDAE (GUDGEONS)

 

Gobiomorphus australis

Striped Gudgeon

VIC, NSW, QLD

 
 

Gobiomorphus coxii

Cox's Gudgeon

VIC, NSW

 
 

Hypseleotris aurea

Golden Gudgeon

WA

 
 

Hypseleotris compressa

Empire Gudgeon

VIC, NSW, QLD, NT, WA

Rare (VIC)

 

Hypseleotris ejuncida

Slender Gudgeon

WA

Poorly Known (AUST)

 

Hypseleotris galii

Fire-Tailed Gudgeon

NSW, QLD

 
 

Hypseleotris kimberleyensis

Barnett River Gudgeon

WA

Poorly Known (AUST)

 

Hypseleotris klunzingeri

Western Carp Gudgeon

SA, VIC, QLD

 
 

Hypseleotris regalis

Prince Regent Gudgeon

WA

 
 

Hypseleotris sp.1

Midgley's Carp Gudgeon

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

 
 

Hypseleotris sp.2

Lake's Carp Gudgeon

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

 
 

Milyeringa veritas

Blind Gudgeon

WA

Rare (AUST)

 

Mogurnda adspersa

Southern Purple-Spotted Gudgeon

VIC, NSW, QLD

Rare (AUST), Endangered (VIC)

 

Mogurnda clivcola

Flinders Ranges Gudgeon

SA, Possibly QLD

Endangered (AUST)

 

Mogurnda larapintae

Finke Gudgeon

NT

 

Mogurnda mogurnda

Northern Purple-Spotted Gudgeon

SA, NSW, QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Mogurnda oligolepis

False-Spotted Gudgeon

WA

 
 

Mogurnda thermophila

Dalhousie Gudgeon

SA

 

Mogurnda sp

Frew Mogurnda

NT

Restricted(?)

 

Ophieleotris aporos

Snakehead Gudgeon

QLD

 
 

Oxyeleotris aruensis

Aru Gudgeon

QLD

 
 

Oxyeleotris lineolatus

Sleepy Cod

QLD, NT

 
 

Oxyeleotris nullipora

Poreless Gudgeon

QLD

 
 

Oxyeleotris fimbriata

Fimbrate Gudgeon

QLD

 
 

Oxyeleotris sp.

Giant Gudgeon

NT, WA

 
 

Philypnodon grandiceps

Flathead Gudgeon

SA, TAS, VIC, NSW, QLD

 
 

Philypnodon sp.

Dwarf Flathead Gudgeon

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

 
 

Kimberleyeleotris notata

Drysdale Gudgeon

WA

 
 

Kimberleyeleotris hutchinsi

Mitchell Gudgeon

WA

 

GADOPSIDAE (RIVER BLACKFISHES)

 

Gadopsis bispinosis

Two-Spined Blackfish

VIC, NSW, ACT

 
 

Gadopsis marmoratus

River Blackfish

SA, VIC, NSW, ACT

 

GALAXIIDAE (GALAXIAS OR NATIVE MINNOWS)

 

Galaxias auratus

Golden Galxias

TAS

 
 

Galaxias brevipinnis

Climbing Galaxias

SA, TAS, VIC, NSW

Rare (VIC)

 

Galaxias fontanus

Swan Galaxias

TAS, VIC

Endangered (AUST, VIC)

 

Galaxias fuscus

Barred Galaxias

VIC

Endangered (AUST)

 

Galaxias johnstoni

Clarance Galaxias

TAS

Endangered (AUST, TAS)

 

Galaxias maculatus

Common Galaxias

WA, SA,VIC, TAS, NSW, QLD

 
 

Galaxias occidentalis

Western Galaxias

WA

 
 

Galaxias olidus

Mountain Galaxias

SA, VIC, NSW, ACT

Insufficiently Known (VIC)

 

Galaxias pederensis

Pedder Galaxias

TAS

Endangered (AUST, TAS)

 

Galaxias rostratus

Flat-headed Galaxias

SA, VIC, NSW

 
 

Galaxias tanycephalus

Saddled Galaxias

TAS

Vulnerable (AUST, TAS)

 

Galaxias truttaceus

Spotted Galaxias

WA, TAS, VIC

Rare (VIC)

 

Galaxiella munda

Mud Minnow

WA

 
 

Galaxiella nigrostriata

Black-Stripe Minnow

WA

 
 

Galaxiella pusilla

Dwarf Galaxias

SA, TAS, VIC

Vulnerable (AUST, VIC), Rare (Susceptible (TAS)

 

Neochanna cleaveri

Tasmanian Mudfish

TAS, VIC

Endangered (AUST, TAS)

 

Paragalaxias dissimilis

Shannon Paragalxias

TAS

 
 

Paragalaxias eleotroides

Great Lake Darter

TAS

 
 

Paragalaxias julianus

Julian Paragalaxias

TAS

 
 

Paragalaxias mesotes

Arthurs Paragalaxias

TAS

Rare (AUST)

GEOTRIIDAE (SOUTHERN LAMPREYS)

 

Geotria australis

Pouched Lamprey

WA, SA,VIC, TAS

 

GOBIIDAE (GOBIES)

   
 

Awaous crassilabras

Roman Nose Goby

QLD

 
 

Chlamydogobius eremius

Desert Goby

SA, QLD, NT

 
 

Chlamydogobius micropterus

Elizabeth Springs Goby

NT

Endangered (AUST)

 

Glossogobius aureus

Golden Goby

QLD, NT

 
 

Glossogobius celebius

Celebes Goby

QLD

 
 

Glossogobius concavifrons

Concave Goby

QLD

 
 

Glossogobius giurus

Flathead Goby

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Glossogobius sp.1

Dwarf Goby

QLD

 
 

Glossogobius sp.2

Mulgrave Goby

QLD

 
 

Glossogobius sp.3

Square-Bloth Goby

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Pseudogobius olorum

Swan River Goby

WA, SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

 
 

Redigobius bikolanus

Speckled Goby

QLD

 
 

Schismatigibias sp.

Scaleless Goby

QLD

 

HEMIRAMHIDAE (HALFBEAKS)

 

Arrhamphus sclerolepis

Snub-Nosed Garfish

NSW, QLD, NT, WA

 

KUHLIIDAE (FLAG-TAILS)

   
 

Kuhlia rupestris

Jungle Perch

QLD

 

KURTIDAE (NURSEYFISHES)

   
 

Kurtus gulliveri

Nurseryfish

QLD, NT, WA

 

LEPIDOGALAXIIDAE (SALAMANDERFISH)

 

Lepidogalaxias salamandroides

Salamanderfish

WA

 

MELANOTAENIIDAE (RAINBOWFISHES)

 

Cairnsichthys rhombosomoides

Cairns Rainbowfish

QLD

 
 

Iriatherina werneri

Threadfin Rainbowfish

QLD

 
 

Melanotaenia duboulayi

Duboulay's Rainbowfish

NSW, QLD

 
 

Melanotaenia eachamensis

Lake Eacham Rainbowfish

QLD

Endangered (AUST)

 

Melanotaenia exquisita

Exquisite Rainbowfish

NT

 
 

Melanotaenia fluviatilis

Crimson-Spotted Rainbowfish

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

Rare (VIC)

 

Melanotaenia gracilis

Slender Rainbowfish

WA

 
 

Melanotaenia maccullochi

McCulloch's Rainbowfish

QLD

 
 

Melanotaenia nigrans

Black-Banded Rainbowfish

QLD, NT

 
 

Melanotaenia pygmaea

Pygmy Rainbowfish

WA

Rare (AUST)

 

Melanotaenia splendida splendida

Australian Rainbowfish

QLD

 
 

Melanotaenia splendida inornata

Checkered Rainbowfish

QLD, NT

 
 

Melanotaenia splendida australis

Western Rainbowfish

NT, WA

 
 

Melanotaenia splendida tatei

Desert Rainbowfish

SA, QLD, NT

 
 

Melanotaenia trifasciata

Banded Rainbowfish

QLD, NT

 
 

Rhadinocentrus ornatus

Ornate Rainbowfish

NSW, QLD

 

MORDACHIDAE (SHORT HEADED LAMPREYS)

   
 

Mordacia mordax

Short-Headed Lamprey

SA, VIC, NSW

 
 

Mordacia praecox

Non-parasitic Lamprey

NSW

Poorly Known (AUST)

MUGILIDAE (MULLETS)

 

Myxus petardi

Freshwater Mullet

NSW, QLD

 

NANNOPERCIDAE (PYGMY PERCHES)

 

Edelia vittata

Western Pygmy Perch

WA

 
 

Nannatherina balstoni

Balston's Pygmy Perch

WA

 
 

Nannoperca australis

Southern Pygmy Perch

SA, TAS, VIC, NSW

 
 

Nannoperca obscura

Yarra Pygmy Perch

VIC

Vulnerable (AUST, VIC)

 

Nannoperca oxleyana

Oxleyan Pygmy Perch

NSW, QLD

Endangered (AUST)

 

Nannoperca variagata

Ewen's Pygmy Perch

SA, VIC

Vulnerable (AUST), Endangered (VIC)

OSTEOGLOSSIDAE (BONY TONGUES)

 

Scleropages jardinii

Gulf Saratoga

QLD, NT

 
 

Scleropages leichardti

Saratoga

QLD

 

PERCICHTHYIDAE (FRESHWATER BASSES AND CODS)

 

Bostockia porosa

Nightfish

WA

 
 

Guyu wujalwujalensis

Bloomfield River Cod

QLD

Restricted Range

 

Maccullochella macquariensis

Trout Cod

VIC, NSW

Endangered (AUST, VIC)

 

Maccullochella peelii peelii

Murray Cod

SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD

Vulnerable (VIC)

 

Maccullochella peelii mariensis

Mary River Cod

QLD

Endangered (AUST)

 

Maccullochella ikei

Eastern Cod

NSW

Endangered (AUST)

 

Macquaria ambigua

Golden Perch

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD, NT

Rare (VIC)

 

Macquaria australasica

Macquarie Perch

VIC, NSW

Endangered (AUST, VIC)

 

Macquaria colonorum

Estuary Perch

SA, VIC, NSW, TAS(?)

 
 

Macquaria novemaculeata

Australian Bass

VIC, NSW, QLD

Rare (VIC)

PLOTOSIDAE (EEL-TAILED CATFISHES)

 

Anodontiglanis dahli

Toothless Catfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Neosilurus ater

Black Catfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Neosilurus brevidorsalis

Short-Finned Catfish

QLD

 
 

Neosiluris hyrtlii

Hyrtl's Tandan

NSW, QLD, NT, WA, SA

 
 

Neosilurus sp.1

Dalhousie Catfish

SA

 
 

Neosilurus sp.2

Coopers Creek Tandan

SA, QLD

 
 

Neosilurus sp.3

False-Spine Catfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Porochilus argenteus

Silver Tandan

NSW, QLD, NT, SA

 
 

Porochilus rendahli

Rendahl's Catfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Tandanus bostocki

Freshwater Cobbler

WA

 
 

Tandanus tandanus

Freshwater Catfish

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

Vulnerable (VIC)

PROTOTROCTIDAE (SOUTHERN GRAYLINGS)

 

Prototroctes maraena

Australian Grayling

VIC, TAS, NSW

Vulnerable (AUST, VIC, TAS)

PSEUDOMUGILIDAE (BLUE-EYES)

 

Pseudomugil cyanodorsalis

Blueback Blue-eye

NT, WA

 
 

Pseudomugil gertrudae

Spotted Blue-eye

QLD, NT

 
 

Pseudomugil inconspicuus

Inconspicuous Blue-eye

NT

 
 

Pseudomugil mellis

Honey Blue-eye

QLD

Vulnerable (AUST)

 

Pseudomugil signifer

Pacific Blue-Eye

NSW, QLD

 
 

Pseudomugil tenellus

Delicate Blue-eye

QLD, NT

 
 

Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnis

Red-Finned Blue Eye

NT

Endangered (AUST)

RETROPINNIDAE (SMELTS)

 

Retropinna semoni

Australian Smelt

SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, NT

 
 

Retropinna tasmanica

Tasmanian Smelt

TAS

 

SCORPAENIDAE (SCORPIONFISHES)

 

Notesthes robusta

Bullrout

NSW, QLD

 

CENTROPOMIDAE (GIANT PERCHES)

 

Lates calcarifer

Barramundi

QLD, NT, WA

 

SOLIDAE (SOLES)

   
 

Aseraggodes klunzingeri

Tailed Sole

NT, WA

 
 

Brachirus salinarum

Saltpan Sole

QLD, NT

 
 

Brachirus selheimi

Freshwater sole

QLD, NT

 

SYNBRANCHIDAE (SWAMP EELS)

   
 

Monopterus albus

Belut

QLD

 
 

Ophisternon candidum

Blind Cave Eel

WA

Vulnerable (AUST)

 

Ophisternon gutturale

Swamp Eel

QLD, NT

 

TERAPONIDAE (GRUNTERS)

   
 

Amniataba percoides

Barred Grunter

SA, QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Bidyanus bidyanus

Silver Perch

SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

Vulnerable (VIC)

 

Bidyanus welchi

Welch's Grunter

SA, NSW, QLD, NT

 
 

Hannia greenwayi

Greenway's Grunter

WA

 
 

Hephaestus carbo

Coal Grunter

QLD, NT

 
 

Hephaestus epirrhinos

Long-Nosed Sooty Grunter

WA

 
 

Hephaestus fuliginosus

Sooty Grunter

QLD, NT

 
 

Hephaestus jenkinsi

Jenkins Grunter

NT, WA

 
 

Leiopotherapon aheneus

Fortesque Grunter

WA

 
 

Leiopotherapon macrolepis

Large-Scale Grunter

WA

 
 

Leiopotherapon unicolor

Spangled Perch

NSW, QLD, NT, WA, SA

 
 

Pingalla gilberti

Gilbert's Grunter

QLD

 
 

Pingalla lorentzi

Lorentz's Grunter

QLD

 
 

Pingalla midgleyi

Midgley's Grunter

NT

 
 

Scortum barcoo

Barcoo Grunter

SA, NSW, QLD,NT

 
 

Scortum hillii

Leathery Grunter

QLD

 
 

Scortum parviceps

Small-Headed Grunter

QLD

 
 

Scortum sp.

Angalarri Grunter

NT

 
 

Syncomistes butleri

Butler's Grunter

NT, WA

 
 

Syncomistes kimberleyensis

Kimberley Grunter

NT, WA

 
 

Syncomistes rastellus

Drysdale Grunter

WA

 
 

Syncomistes trigonicus

Long-Nosed Grunter

WA

 

TOXOTIDAE (ARCHERFISHES)

 

Toxotes chatareus

Seven-Spot Archerfish

QLD, NT, WA

 
 

Toxotes lorentzi

Lorentz's Archerfish

NT

 
 

Toxotes oligolepis

Large-Scale Archerfish

WA

 

Exotic Species

Exotic Fish page in the Fish Files.

FAMILY

       

Species

Common Name

Distribution

Conservation Status


CICHLIDAE (CICHLIDS)

 

Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum

Convict Cichlid

VIC

Introduced

 

Cichlasoma octofasciatum

Jack Dempsey Cichlid

VIC

Introduced

 

Tilapia mariae

Black Mangrove Cichlid or Tilapia

VIC, QLD

Introduced

 

Oreochromis mossambicus

Mozambique Cichlid

WA, SA, VIC, NSW, QLD

Introduced

COBITIDAE (LOACHES)

 

Misgurnus anguillicaudatus

Oriental Weatherloach

WA, SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD

Introduced

CYPRINIDAE (CARPS AND BARBS)

 

Carassius auratus

Goldfish

SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, QLD, WA

Introduced

 

Cyprinus carpio

European Carp

SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, QLD

Introduced

 

Puntius conchonius

Rosy Barb

QLD

Introduced

 

Rutilus rutilus

Roach

VIC

Introduced

 

Tinca tinca

Tench

SA, VIC, TAS, NSW

Introduced

CYPRINODONTIDAE (KILLIFISHES)

 

Jordanella floridae

American Flagfish

QLD

Introduced

PERCIDAE (PERCHES)

   
 

Perca fluviatilis

Redfin

SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, QLD

Introduced

POECILIIDAE (LIVEBEARERS)

 

Gambusia holbrooki

Mosquitofish

SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, NT, WA

Introduced

 

Gambusia dominicensis

Domingo Mosquitofish

NT

Introduced

 

Phalloceros caudimaculatus

One-spot Livebearer

WA

Introduced

 

Poecilia latipinna

Sailfin Molly

QLD

Introduced

 

Poecilia reticulata

Guppy

QLD

Introduced

 

Xiphophorus helleri

Swordtail

QLD

Introduced

 

Xiphophorus maculatus

Platy

QLD

Introduced

SALMONIDAE (SALMONS, TROUTS & CHARS)

 

Oncorhynchus mykiss

Rainbow Trout

SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, WA

Introduced

 

Oncorhynchus tshawytscha

Chinook Salmon

VIC

Introduced

 

Salmo salar

Atlantic Salmon

TAS, NSW

Introduced

 

Salmo trutta

Brown Trout

SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, WA

Introduced

 

Salvelinus fontinalis

Brook Char

TAS, VIC, NSW

Introduced

References

  • Allen, Midgley & Allen (2002), Field Guide To The Freshwater Fishes Of Australia, Museum of Western Australia & CSIRO Publishing, ISBN 073075486-3
  • Merrick & Schmida (1984), Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management, Griffin Press, ISBN 0 9591908 0 5
  • Allen (1989), Freshwater Fishes of Australia, T.F.H. Publications Inc, ISBN 0 86622 936 1
  • McDowall (Rev ed 1996), Freshwater Fishes of South Eastern Australia, Reed Books, ISBN 0 7301 0462 1
  • Allan (1982), Rainbowfishes of Australia and Papua New Guinea, Angus & Robertson Publishers, ISBN 0 207 14604 7
  • Cadwallader & Backhouse (1983), A Guide to the Freshwater Fish of Victoria, F.D.Atkinson Government Printer Melbourne, ISBN 0 7241 8296 9

Internet References

Native Fish Australia
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