A taxonomic Summary of Australian Freshwater Fish

The tree of Life
All animals are in that group at the bottom right!

CC By 3.0 Image source

This is intended to be a comprehensive list of all species of freshwater fish found in Australia. If you find something that is incorrect or omitted, please drop us an e-mail and let us know about it.

  Species Common Name Distribution Conservation Status

  Ambassis agrammus Sailfin glassfish QLD, NT  
  Ambassis agassizii Agassiz's glassfish SA, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Ambassis mulleri Mueller's glassfish SA, QLD, NT, WA  
  Ambassis elongatus Elongate glassfish QLD  
  Ambassis macleayi Macleay's glassfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Ambassis miops Flag-tailed glassfish QLD  
  Denariusa bandata Pennyfish QLD, NT  
  Parambassis gulliveri Giant glassfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Anguilla australis Shortfinned eel SA, VIC, NSW  
  Anguilla bicolor Northern eel WA  
  Anguilla obscura South Pacific eel QLD  
  Anguilla reinhardtii Longfinned eel TAS, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Lovettia sealii Tasmanian whitebait TAS, VIC Rare (VIC)
  Arius berneyi Berney's catfish QLD, NT  
  Arius graeffei Lesser salmon catfish NSW, QLD, NT, WA  
  Arius leptaspis Triangular shield catfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Arius midgleyi Shovel-nosed catfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Cinetodus froggatti Froggatt's catfish NT  
  Atherinosoma microstoma Smallmouth hardyhead SA, VIC, TAS, NSW  
  Craterocephalus cuneiceps Murchison River hardyhead WA  
  Craterocephalus dalhousiensis Dalhousie hardyhead SA  
Finke hardyhead NT  
  Craterocephalus eyresii Lake Eyre hardyhead VIC, NSW, QLD, NT, SA  
  Craterocephalus fluviatilis Murray hardyhead SA, VIC, NSW Vulnerable (AUST), Rare (VIC)
  Craterocephalus marjoriae Marjorie's hardyhead NSW, QLD  
  Craterocephalus stercusmuscarum Fly-specked hardyhead QLD, NT  
  Craterocephalus helenae Drysdale hardyhead WA  
  Craterocephalus lentiginosus Prince Regent hardyhead WA  
  Leptatherina wallacei Western hardyhead WA  
  Quirichthys stramineus Strawman or blackmast QLD, NT, WA  
  Glossamia aprion Mouth almighty QLD, NT, WA  
  Glossamia aprion gillii Southern mouth almighty NSW, QLD  
  Strongylura krefftii Freshwater longtom QLD, NT, WA  
  Pseudaphritis urvilli Tupong SA, TAS, VIC, NSW  
  Neoceratodus forsteri Australian lungfish QLD  
  Nematalosa erebi Bony bream VIC, NSW, QLD, NT, WA, SA Rare (VIC)
  Potamalosa richmondia Freshwater herring VIC, NSW Endangered (VIC)
  Giuris margaritacea Snakehead gudgeon QLD  
  Gobiomorphus australis Striped gudgeon VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Gobiomorphus coxii Cox's gudgeon VIC, NSW  
  Hypseleotris aurea Golden gudgeon WA  
  Hypseleotris compressa Empire gudgeon VIC, NSW, QLD, NT, WA Rare (VIC)
  Hypseleotris ejuncida Slender gudgeon WA Poorly Known (AUST)
  Hypseleotris galii Fire-tailed gudgeon NSW, QLD  
  Hypseleotris kimberleyensis Barnett River gudgeon WA Poorly Known (AUST)
  Hypseleotris klunzingeri Western carp gudgeon SA, VIC, QLD  
  Hypseleotris regalis Prince Regent gudgeon WA  
  Hypseleotris sp.1 Midgley's carp gudgeon SA, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Hypseleotris sp.2 Lake's carp gudgeon SA, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Milyeringa veritas Blind gudgeon WA Rare (AUST)
  Morgurnda adspersa Southern purple-spotted gudgeon VIC, NSW, QLD Rare (AUST), Endangered (VIC)
  Mogurnda clivcola Flinders Ranges gudgeon SA, Possibly QLD Endangered (AUST)
  Mogurnda larapintae Finke gudgeon NT  
  Morgurnda mogurnda Northern purple-spotted gudgeon SA, NSW, QLD, NT, WA  
  Mogurnda oligolepis False-spotted gudgeon WA  
  Mogurnda thermophila Dalhousie gudgeon SA  
  Mogurnda sp Frew Mogurnda NT Restricted(?)
  Ophiocara porocephala Spangled gudgeon WA, NT, QLD  
  Oxyeleotris aruensis Aru gudgeon QLD  
  Oxyeleotris lineolatus Sleepy cod QLD, NT  
  Oxyeleotris nullipora Poreless gudgeon QLD  
  Oxyeleotris fimbriata Fimbrate gudgeon QLD  
  Oxyeleotris sp. Giant gudgeon NT, WA  
  Philypnodon grandiceps Flathead gudgeon SA, TAS, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Philypnodon sp. Dwarf flathead gudgeon SA, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Kimberleyeleotris notata Drysdale gudgeon WA  
  Kimberleyeleotris hutchinsi Mitchell gudgeon WA  
  Gadopsis bispinosis Two-spined blackfish VIC, NSW, ACT  
  Gadopsis marmoratus River blackfish SA, VIC, NSW, ACT  
  Galaxias aequipinnis      
  Galaxias arcanus      
  Galaxias auratus Golden Galaxias TAS  
  Galaxias brevipinnis Climbing Galaxias SA, TAS, VIC, NSW Rare (VIC)
  Galaxias brevissimus      
  Galaxias fontanus Swan Galaxias TAS, VIC Endangered (AUST, VIC)
  Galaxias fuscus Barred Galaxias VIC Endangered (AUST)
  Galaxias gunaikurnai      
  Galaxias johnstoni Clarance Galaxias TAS Endangered (AUST, TAS)
  Galaxias lanceolatus      
  Galaxias longifundus      
  Galaxias mcdowalli      
  Galaxias maculatus Common Galaxias WA, SA,VIC, TAS, NSW, QLD  
  Galaxias mungadhan      
  Galaxias occidentalis Western Galaxias WA  
  Galaxias olidus Mountain Galaxias SA, VIC, NSW, ACT Insufficiently Known (VIC)
  Galaxias oliros      
  Galaxias ornatus      
  Galaxias pederensis Pedder Galaxias TAS Endangered (AUST, TAS)
  Galaxias rostratus Flat-headed Galaxias SA, VIC, NSW  
  Galaxias supremus      
  Galaxias tanycephalus Saddled Galaxias TAS Vulnerable (AUST, TAS)
  Galaxias tantangara      
  Galaxias terenasus      
  Galaxias truttaceus Spotted Galaxias WA, TAS, VIC Rare (VIC)
  Galaxiella munda Mud Minnow WA  
  Galaxiella nigrostriata Black-stripe minnow WA  
  Galaxiella pusilla Dwarf Galaxias SA, TAS, VIC Vulnerable (AUST, VIC), Rare (Susceptible (TAS)
  Neochanna cleaveri Tasmanian mudfish TAS, VIC Endangered (AUST, TAS)
  Paragalaxias dissimilis Shannon Paragalxias TAS  
  Paragalaxias eleotroides Great Lake darter TAS  
  Paragalaxias julianus Julian Paragalaxias TAS  
  Paragalaxias mesotes Arthurs Paragalaxias TAS Rare (AUST)
  Member of the G.olidus species complex    
  Geotria australis Pouched lamprey WA, SA,VIC, TAS  
  Afurcagobius tamarensis Tamar goby TAS, SA, VIC, NSW  
  Awaous crassilabras Roman Nose goby QLD  
  Chlamydogobius eremius Desert goby SA, QLD, NT  
Finke goby NT  
  Chlamydogobius micropterus Elizabeth Springs goby NT Endangered (AUST)
  Glossogobius aureus Golden goby QLD, NT  
  Glossogobius celebius Celebes goby QLD  
  Glossogobius concavifrons Concave goby QLD  
  Glossogobius giurus Flathead goby QLD, NT, WA  
  Glossogobius nanus Dwarf goby QLD  
  GGlossogobius bellendensis Mulgrave goby QLD  
  Glossogobius munroi Square-blotch goby QLD, NT, WA  
  Pseudogobius olorum Swan River goby WA, SA, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Redigobius bikolanus Speckled goby QLD  
  Schismatigibias sp. Scaleless goby QLD  
  Arrhamphus sclerolepis Snub-nosed garfish NSW, QLD, NT, WA  
  Kuhlia marginata Spotted flagtail QLD  
  Kuhlia rupestris Jungle perch QLD  
  Kurtus gulliveri Nurseryfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Lepidogalaxias salamandroides Salamanderfish WA  
    Lutjanus argentimaculatus Mangrove jack WA, NT. QLD, NSW  
  Cairnsichthys rhombosomoides Cairns rainbowfish QLD  
  Iriatherina werneri Threadfin rainbowfish QLD  
  Melanotaenia duboulayi Duboulay's rainbowfish, Murray rainbowfish SA, VIC, NSW, QLD  
  Melanotaenia eachamensis Lake Eacham rainbowfish QLD Endangered (AUST)
  Melanotaenia exquisita Exquisite rainbowfish NT  
  Melanotaenia fluviatilis Crimson-spotted rainbowfish NSW, QLD Rare (VIC)
  Melanotaenia gracilis Slender rainbowfish WA  
  Melanotaenia maccullochi McCulloch's rainbowfish QLD  
  Melanotaenia nigrans Black-banded rainbowfish QLD, NT  
  Melanotaenia pygmaea Pygmy rainbowfish WA Rare (AUST)
  Melanotaenia sahulensis Sahul rainbowfish QLD, PNG  
  Melanotaenia splendida splendida Australian rainbowfish QLD  
  Melanotaenia splendida inornata Checkered rainbowfish QLD, NT  
  Melanotaenia splendida australis Western rainbowfish NT, WA  
  Melanotaenia splendida tatei Desert rainbowfish SA, QLD, NT  
  Melanotaenia trifasciata Banded rainbowfish QLD, NT  
  Melanotaenia wisloni Little rainbowfish NT  
  Rhadinocentrus ornatus Ornate rainbowfish NSW, QLD  
  Mordacia mordax Short-Headed lamprey SA, VIC, NSW  
  Mordacia praecox Non-parasitic lamprey NSW Poorly Known (AUST)
  Myxus petardi Freshwater mullet NSW, QLD  
  Nannatherina balstoni Balston's pygmy perch WA  
  Nannoperca australis Southern pygmy perch SA, TAS, VIC, NSW  
  Nannoperca obscura Yarra pygmy perch VIC Vulnerable (AUST, VIC)
  Nannoperca oxleyana Oxleyan pygmy perch NSW, QLD Endangered (AUST)
  Nannoperca variegata Ewen's pygmy perch SA, VIC Vulnerable (AUST), Endangered (VIC)
  Nannoperca vittata Western pygmy perch WA  
  Scleropages jardini Gulf saratoga QLD, NT  
  Scleropages leichardti Saratoga QLD  
  Bostockia porosa Nightfish WA  
  Guyu wujalwujalensis Bloomfield River cod QLD Restricted Range
  Maccullochella macquariensis Trout cod VIC, NSW Endangered (AUST, VIC)
  Maccullochella mariensis Mary River cod QLD Endangered (AUST)
  Maccullochella peelii Murray cod SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD Vulnerable (VIC)
  Maccullochella ikei Eastern cod NSW Endangered (AUST)
  Macquaria ambigua Golden perch SA, VIC, NSW, QLD, NT Rare (VIC)
  Macquaria australasica Macquarie perch VIC, NSW Endangered (AUST, VIC)
  Macquaria colonorum Estuary perch SA, VIC, NSW, TAS(?)  
  Macquaria novemaculeata Australian Bass VIC, NSW, QLD Rare (VIC)
  Anodontiglanis dahli Toothless catfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Neosilurus ater Black catfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Neosilurus brevidorsalis Short-finned catfish QLD  
  Neosiluris hyrtlii Hyrtl's tandan NSW, QLD, NT, WA, SA  
  Neosilurus sp.1 Dalhousie catfish SA  
  Neosilurus sp.2 Coopers Creek tandan SA, QLD  
  Neosilurus sp.3 False-spine catfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Porochilus argenteus Silver tandan NSW, QLD, NT, SA  
  Porochilus rendahli Rendahl's catfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Tandanus bostocki Freshwater cobbler WA  
  Tandanus tandanus Freshwater catfish SA, VIC, NSW, QLD Vulnerable (VIC)
  Pseudomugil cyanodorsalis Neon blue eye WA, NT, QLD  
  Pseudomugil gertrudae Spotted blue eye NT, QLD  
  Pseudomugil inconspicuus Inconspicuous blue eye NT  
  Pseudomugil mellis Honey blue eye QLD Endangered
  Pseudomugil signatus Northern blue eye QLD  
  Pseudomugil signifer Pacific blue eye QLD, NSW  
  Pseudomugil tenellus Frlicate blue eye NT, QLD  
  Scaturiginichthys vermeilipinnis Redfinned blue eye QLD Endangered
  Retropinna semoni Australian smelt SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, NT  
  Retropinna tasmanica Tasmanian smelt TAS  
  Notesthes robusta Bullrout NSW, QLD  
  Lates calcarifer Barramundi QLD, NT, WA  
  Aseraggodes klunzingeri tailed sole NT, WA  
  Brachirus salinarum Saltpan sole QLD, NT  
  Brachirus selheimi Freshwater sole QLD, NT  
  Monopterus albus Belut QLD  
  Ophisternon candidum Blind cave eel WA Vulnerable (AUST)
  Ophisternon gutturale Swamp eel QLD, NT  
  Amniataba percoides Barred grunter SA, QLD, NT, WA  
  Bidyanus bidyanus Silver perch SA, VIC, NSW, QLD Vulnerable (VIC)
  Bidyanus welchi Welch's grunter SA, NSW, QLD, NT  
  Hannia greenwayi Greenway's grunter WA  
  Hephaestus carbo Coal grunter QLD, NT  
  Hephaestus epirrhinos Long-nosed sooty grunter WA  
  Hephaestus fuliginosus Sooty grunter QLD, NT  
  Hephaestus jenkinsi Jenkins grunter NT, WA  
  Leiopotherapon aheneus Fortesque grunter WA  
  Leiopotherapon macrolepis Large-scale grunter WA  
  Leiopotherapon unicolor Spangled perch NSW, QLD, NT, WA, SA  
  Pingalla gilberti Gilbert's grunter QLD  
  Pingalla lorentzi Lorentz's grunter QLD  
  Pingalla midgleyi Midgley's grunter NT  
  Scortum barcoo Barcoo grunter SA, NSW, QLD,NT  
  Scortum hillii Leathery grunter QLD  
  Scortum parviceps Small-headed grunter QLD  
  Scortum sp. Angalarri grunter NT  
  Syncomistes butleri Butler's grunter NT, WA  
  Syncomistes kimberleyensis Kimberley grunter NT, WA  
  Syncomistes rastellus Drysdale grunter WA  
  Syncomistes trigonicus Long-nosed grunter WA  
  Toxotes chatareus Seven-spot archerfish QLD, NT, WA  
  Toxotes lorentzi Lorentz's archerfish NT  
  Toxotes oligolepis Large-scale archerfish WA  

Exotic Species

  Species Common Name Distribution Conservation Status

  Cichlasoma nigrofasciatum Convict cichlid VIC Introduced
  Cichlasoma octofasciatum Jack Dempsey cichlid VIC Introduced
  Tilapia mariae Black mangrove cichlid or Tilapia VIC, QLD Introduced
  Oreochromis mossambicus Mozambique cichlid WA, SA, VIC, NSW, QLD Introduced
  Misgurnus anguillicaudatus Oriental weatherloach WA, SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD Introduced
  Carassius auratus Goldfish SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, QLD, WA Introduced
  Cyprinus carpio European carp SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, QLD Introduced
  Puntius conchonius Rosy barb QLD Introduced
  Rutilus rutilus Roach VIC Introduced
  Tinca tinca Tench SA, VIC, TAS, NSW Introduced
  Jordanella floridae American flagfish QLD Introduced
  Perca fluviatilis Redfin SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, QLD Introduced
  Gambusia holbrooki Mosquitofish SA, VIC, NSW, ACT, QLD, NT, WA Introduced
  Gambusia dominicensis Domingo mosquitofish NT Introduced
  Phalloceros caudimaculatus One-spot Livebearer WA Introduced
  Poecilia latipinna Sailfin molly QLD Introduced
  Poecilia reticulata Guppy QLD Introduced
  Xiphophorus helleri Swordtail QLD Introduced
  Xiphophorus maculatus Platy QLD Introduced
  Oncorhynchus mykiss Rainbow trout SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, WA Introduced
  Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Chinook salmon VIC Introduced
  Salmo salar Atlantic salmon TAS, NSW Introduced
  Salmo trutta Brown trout SA, VIC, TAS, NSW, ACT, WA Introduced
  Salvelinus fontinalis Brook char TAS, VIC, NSW Introduced


  • Allen, Midgley & Allen (2002), Field Guide To The Freshwater Fishes Of Australia, Museum of Western Australia & CSIRO Publishing, ISBN 073075486-3
  • Merrick & Schmida (1984), Australian Freshwater Fishes Biology and Management, Griffin Press, ISBN 0 9591908 0 5
  • Allen (1989), Freshwater Fishes of Australia, T.F.H. Publications Inc, ISBN 0 86622 936 1
  • McDowall (Rev ed 1996), Freshwater Fishes of South Eastern Australia, Reed Books, ISBN 0 7301 0462 1
  • Allan (1982), rainbowfishes of Australia and Papua New Guinea, Angus & Robertson Publishers, ISBN 0 207 14604 7
  • Cadwallader & Backhouse (1983), A Guide to the Freshwater Fish of Victoria, F.D.Atkinson Government Printer Melbourne, ISBN 0 7241 8296 9
  • Hammer & Duguid (2018), Fishes in Australia’s Red Centre, Fishes of Sahul, Vol 32, Issue 3, Australian and New Guinea Fishes Association, ISSN 2205-9342

Internet References